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The effect of the psychology of the feminine and masculine gender on work, performance and productivity is a paradigm of the most controversial issues subject to debate. Femininity is a physical and psychological state often associated with tenderness, care, patience, and submission. On the other hand, masculinity is associated with roughness, responsibility and strength. Most psychologists theorize masculinity as having a rigid definition of the roles of men while the society assigns the feminine gender ill-defined roles. Although some experts argue on the implicit relationship between the two scenarios, the society views women as feminine and men as masculine. The masculinity and femininity dogma has lasted for several years and endured controversy regularly. An in-depth analysis of masculinity and femininity illustrates that it is just a state of mind, which often does not reflect the actual abilities, roles and responsibilities of men and women in the society.
The first aspect of masculinity and femininity relates to the association of masculinity with accomplishment in diverse aspects such as accumulation of material assets and control of other people. The society often ignores the consideration of the durability, quality and moral standing of the present achievements in evaluating the elements of masculinity and femininity. Women represent a blend of the two extreme cases of masculinity and femininity, and may present a more appropriate characteristic compared to men. The archaic principles used by the society to judge human abilities influence the role of the perception masculinity and femininity in evaluating the success of an individual’s abilities. The current psychological state of the society complicates the woman’s ability to achieve success because the society offers limited opportunities to the feminine gender. The influence of masculinity and femininity in the workplace is evident by the fact that a role, normally performed by the masculine gender, may go unattended because of the assumption that a woman may not have the capability to undertake the task successfully. The generalization of individuals’ abilities based on gender bogs down growth and development at the workplace. The endowment of the masculine gender with physical strength and endurance influences the tendency by managers and supervisors to remain biased and assign duties in the context of masculinity and femininity in the workplace. The programming of the human psychology has nurtured the belief that a woman is inferior in all aspects without appropriate justification especially for cases of mental ability, accurate and rational reasoning and emotional strength.
Masculinity and femininity in the workplace is detrimental to women because the assignment of tasks considered as less important camouflages any talent or positive attribute of the individual. The persistent bias in the perception of masculinity and femininity in the workplace promotes the under-utilization of talent and innovativeness. Research shows that women assigned positions of significant responsibility and importance at the workplace have illustrated exemplary performance to disapprove the stereotype of masculinity and femininity in the workplace. Masculinity and femininity in the workplace thrives on the fact that most individuals in positions of authority harbor the inclination to judge the subordinates by prima facie appearance. The psychological tuning towards the tendency to judge other people in the context of masculinity and femininity starts from the early stages of an individual’s development and becomes deeply embedded in people’s thinking over time. The diversity in the physical, emotional and temperamental difference between the feminine and the masculine gender has been pivotal in influencing the tendency to judge individual performance. The increase in the number of women who have attained excellence in male-dominated fields such as medicine, engineering and astronomy should influence the change in the perception of masculinity and femininity. The current trend, whereby women who chair board meetings in reputable institutions have increased, disapproves the belief that masculinity and femininity in the workplace influence the performance and character of individuals.
The feeling of the lack of control in organizations headed by women is merely an aspect of the psychological inclination to evaluate an individual’s performance based on masculinity and femininity. Research shows that most people are at ease when they know that a masculine person is in charge. Consequently, most hiring bodies in organizations tend to hire more men than women for authoritative positions, which promote the detrimental effects of masculinity and femininity in the workplace.